IMAGEs in this text refer to this powerpoint presentation (without video)

IMAGE 1 Jeux 1913 and 2016

I am Hanna Järvinen, Senior Researcher in this Academy of Finland research project. By training, I am a historian, and writing is my principal form of practice. My job in the How to Do Things with Performance? project is to ask questions about the history of performance and of performing history. This project, I hope, will allow for exploration of collective, collaborative practices and performative writing.

IMAGE 2 According to Della Pollock, performative writing has six qualities. It is evocative, rendering the absent present. It is metonymic, meaning that it is self-consciously incomplete. It is subjective, not autobiographical but rather it subjects the reader to the writer’s reflexivity. It is nervous in its crossings of theories, contexts, and practices. It is citational – in other words repetitive and reiterative. It is consequential, that is, it does something, produces something, as with Austin’s performative utterances.

Let’s keep these qualities in mind and discuss practice. IMAGE 3 I am currently working as a historical context advisor in a dance piece, Jeux, Uudelleen kuviteltu / Re-Imagined, which will premiere in Turku in a fortnight, on October 19th. There will also be performances in Helsinki from November 4th to November 6th at the National Gallery Ateneum.

This project started in the spring of 2014, when the choreographer Liisa Pentti and I had a discussion about the term “reconstruction” which Liisa had used for her collaboration with the choreographer Liisa Risu in their piece Liisas danst Rosas IMAGE 3. This is a work on their shared but different relationship to Anna Theresa de Keersmaeker’s choreographies, especially Rosas danst Rosas of 1983. In Liisas danst Rosas, which I saw on 28 May 2014, the two Liisas dance excerpts of the Rosas style works that were significant or meaningful for them in the 1980s and now. Through factual and fictional stories, video recordings, and dance they ponder on what remains in their bodies of those dances three decades later, their current relationship to those works and that time, the 1980s, more generally, and they do so with a great deal of humour.

For me as a historian, this work was not re-constructing anything. Rather, it was about the corporeal history of dance: how dance practitioners interpret, develop, and recall the techniques, choreographies, performances, and aesthetics they encounter both professionally (here, in the work of the ROSAS company) and as amateurs – as lovers of – dance (here, the choreographies of Bob Fosse). Obviously, this work was about aging IMAGE 4: these particular kinds of virtuosic choreographies are hard on the bodies performing them, physical exhaustion being almost a requirement of the fourth movement of Rosas danst Rosas, where also the dress of the dancers emphasises their youth: school skirts, as Liisa and Liisa point out, not really being the kind of thing women in their fifties perform in IMAGE 5 – hence, the flowery summer dresses of the last movement in Liisas danst Rosas.

So Liisa Pentti and I talked about bodies as archives and as transmitters of memories, interpretations, and signification, of histories that are not linear but circular as the dancing bodies return and reinterpret past dances. Every dance irrevocably changes the body dancing. It is, after all, impossible not to have danced something: the body is, in a sense, an archive or a repository. As a consequence of our talks, Liisa invited me to collaborate on a new piece that would be about the origins of contemporary dance, IMAGE 6 by which she meant Nijinsky’s 1913 choreography for Jeux to the music of Claude Debussy. After I sputtered a bit about my objections to the claim that Nijinsky’s choreographies influenced modern dance, Liisa interrupted me and said she was not speaking of modern dance but of contemporary dance. Jeux, she claimed, was the first instance of contemporary dance, which is a term usually associated with European post-Second-World-War dance, including the effects of American postmodern dance in Europe since the 1970s.

I asked her to explicate and she pointed to an image by Valentine Gross and asked me how many times had I seen that in ballet. IMAGE 7. Well. Um. Okay, she had a point. The virtuosity of small gestures and everyday movements in Jeux, the dancers standing and sitting and lying on the floor – all this resonates with American postmodern dance, the so-called New Dance in Britain and France – or in Finland – and even with certain European dance theatre forms such as Pina Bausch. On the other hand, Nijinsky’s manner of choreographing to the musical score – even if, for Jeux, this meant asking the composer to change certain parts of the music to fit the intended action – is far closer to many forms of modern dance and the kind of choreography where the choreographer sets steps on the dancers than it is to postmodern dance techniques. IMAGE 8 Also, as the critic of The Times found, the choreography mixed movements familiar from ballet with a new kind of movement vocabulary that did not, in his opinion, quite match up.

Besides being known as a ‘failure’, Jeux is also a work no-one alive has any direct experience of: despite some plans for revival, it was only performed in Paris and London during the summer of 1913 and all the three dancers who ever danced it have passed away – Nijinsky died in 1950, Ludmila Schollar and Tamara Karsavina both in 1978. In addition to the six photographs posed for publicity purposes, a few drawings made by artists who saw the performances, notably Valentine Gross and Dorothy Mullock, and reviews, IMAGE 9 the materials remaining of the 1913 Jeux include musical notation of Claude Debussy’s score, hand-written notes by the choreographer on a four-hand piano rendering of the score into which Debussy has also scribbled his changes as per the choreographer’s request, and some designs by Léon Bakst, whose set was used but costumes seemed to mix up tennis with football. IMAGE 10

There are also reminiscences, cartoons and even a satirical poem. IMAGE 11 For Jeux: Re-Imagined, I shared these materials first with the choreographer and the dancers, Anna Torkkel, Maija Reeta Raumanni and Jouni Järvenpää, later with the set and costume designer Graziella Tomasi, the sound designer Jouni Tauriainen, and the lighting designer Vespa Laine.

Liisa and I devised various exercises that aimed at not just re-embodying the visual images but the words used of the choreography, its setting and affective content. From these exercises and others, movement material began to emerge. The work as it currently is comprises seven episodes and lasts about an hour, over three times as long as Nijinsky’s 1913 choreography.

IMAGE 12 The video I will now share with you shows a short section from the first full run-through last Friday, 30 September. This is part of the episode utilising the dancers’ exploration of the drawings by Gross and Mullock, seen here. So, these are the drawings we have used, and as the choreographic sequences repeat, I will point to some of the poses.

IMAGE 13 VIDEO during which I hold up pictures of the 1913 production as the poses occur in the 2016 choreography.

Each of the dancers also has an episode in which they speak, semi-improvised, on a theme related to the choreographic process (by Jouni), devising movement from still images (by Maija) and time (by Anna).

IMAGE 14 What, then, of this presentation as performative writing? A historian always tries to be evocative, render something long gone present and accessible. Such renderings, however, are rarely this metonymic: for my part in How to Do Things with Performance? any attempt at discussing a collaborative effort will always be tied to my subjective perspective and my experience, and therefore necessitates I accept it as always-already incomplete and imperfect. I have little use for the passive voice that pretends to omniscience.

As an exploration in practice of what emerges in the studio from historical materials, this 2016 Jeux is also atypical because it does not attempt to construct a whole out of fragments or pretend to a reconstruction. Working with dance makers like this, in the studio, crosses the contexts of history, writing, theory, devising movement, improvisational practices, and performance – practices that do not often come together in quite this fashion. I have no idea where this will take me.

In terms of citationality, the two Jeux, the two games, repeat themselves also in my writing. What will become a challenge, I presume, is to write the minute, concrete materiality into a text that would itself perform: a text in seven episodes would reflect the structure of Liisa’s choreography. But using the affective responses of the critics of the 1913 Jeux, however, the text should be about nothing, nothing happening, a very boring text that just goes on and on, ending nowhere, meaningless, with Debussy’s beautiful score just playing quietly in the background.

To end with an ironic remark, the sixth clause from Pollock’s list is actually the easiest: anything I produce is reported, measured, calculated in terms of impact in today’s academia. Whether that is actually consequential, however, whether that matters, always remains to be seen. For me as a historian, the studio practice offers insights not simply on dance and its particular relationship with the past and memory but on the aims of historiography and the role of the researcher working in and with art. I hope that my writing will not become reporting or explaining practice but an expressive register parallel to studio work and performance.

IMAGE 15 Thank you.



Some events taking place in October

Presentations, which are related with the research project, by Tero Nauha

Performance presentation in event, Kiasma Theatre, October 19, 2016

Presentation in the Arts Without Borders conference, University of The Arts Helsinki, October 19-22, 2016


Kick Off, abridged thought.

First Theremin Orchestra  at Carnegie Hall, New York, April 25, 1930.
First Theremin Orchestra at Carnegie Hall, New York, April 25, 1930.

Briefly said,  a presentation with a voice pressed on vinyl records and theremin. A text in progress. 

The performance is not a copy of the original. The thought of performance is a mutation itself. It is performing mutation of the real. The performance do not represent a body. The performance is not anti-art or anti-philosophy, but subtraction of attributes. A body in performance is not a representation, but matter in the process of subtraction. The performance is mutation of the real, it is a fiction. Fiction is a clone of the real, the only way how we approximate with the real. Performance is real, it is not real and it is not-not real. This is not a project, which produces more predicates of subject, like militant, activist, leftist, ad nauseam. Not more philosophy, but less. Not more dialogue, but polylogue and a shift from agon or oikonomia to a heretical choice without a reason. A heretical practice has no superior identity, system, or absolute, but it is without reason. It is an advent of practice. It is fiction, which is the fiction is a counter-creation of the World. The fiction is not an analysis of the world, but it is a organization in advent… The art is not creation for better world, or for better fiction, but art is the end of the world. A body remains foreclosed in the radical immanence and it is performed. Art already thinks, without the representatives of the archbishops of philosophy. It does not think for or through the philosophers.

How to perform landscape with repetition – At the outskirts of the City

A seminar titled Site-specific Performance and the City was organised by Leena Kela and Christopher Hewitt as part of New Performance Turku Festival on Wednesday 5th and I was honoured to be invited to speak. See programme. This was right after our kick-off seminar the previous day, so I based my talk “At the Outskirts of the City”  – Harakka Island where I have done most of my work is at the outskirts of Helsinki, although it is fairly centrally located on the map – on an old text. It is published as part of the introduction to Performing Landscape – Notes on Site-specific Work and Artistic Research. Texts 2001-2011. Acta Scenica 28. Theatre Academy Helsinki 2012 and the whole book is available online as a pdf file, here. The fragment in question (arlander_as_28-fragment) is discussing the relationship of place and performance in general terms. In the background I showed the two videos I never had the time to show at our kick-off seminar, namely the first part of Year of the Horse  (2003) and the first part of Year of the Horse – Calendar (2015).

My brief and informal talk at the kick-off seminar at Theatre Academy on Tuesday concerned repetition, and was partly based on an article “Repeat, Revisit, Recreate—Two Times Year of the Horse” in PARSE Journal Issue #3 Repetitions and Reneges. 2016, 43-59, also available online, here. There I describe those two video works or rather the process of recreating an old work by revisiting the same site after twelve years. In my presentation I chose to show my small powerpoint notes-on-repetition, rather than take up time by showing the videos, especially since we had just seen some great live shows…


Usually, a research project ends with a seminar, where the research results are outlined for interested parties outside of the research team. But since we do not yet know how to do things with performance, the How to Do Things with Performance? project decided to start by hosting an event in which we asked our colleagues to give us their responses to the title: how would they do things with performance?

We received a wonderful array of suggestions from artists and researchers, who shared, through different kinds of performances and discussion, both modes of performing and of thinking about and through performance that we hope will help us answer our question: how to do things with performance. We are particularly grateful for these people for giving their time and labour at such short notice and without proper compensation – thank you for your gift, we hope this project can offer something reciprocal by 2020! We also had a great number of people in the audience both during the morning session at the Auditorium 1 and the afternoon session at Tori – thank you for attending, listening, commenting, and appreciating this moment.

The event was opened by Professor Leena Rouhiainen, the Vice Dean for Research at the Theatre Academy, who explained the significance of the project for the Performing Arts Research Centre, The Theatre Academy, and the University of the Arts Helsinki. Professor Heike Roms, member of our Advisory Board, introduced her research on the history of performance art in Wales, followed by Senior Researcher Hanna Järvinen speaking of the dance performance project, Jeux, based on her earlier historical research. Two members of our Advisory Board also sent their greetings because they could not come in person: Professor Simon O’Sullivan sent a video discussing his current research on re-tooling of philosophy, and Professor Edward Scheer a presentation on how to do things with performance, translated by Postdoctoral Researcher Pilvi Porkola. Professor Esa Kirkkopelto then spoke of bodies and objects, showing two examples of objects performing. Postdoctoral Researcher Pilvi Porkola finished the first half of the Kick-off seminar by discussing translation, translatability, and meaning of ‘esitys’, the Finnish word for performance.

The afternoon session convened after lunch with Postdoctoral Researcher Tero Nauha, who exemplified thinking in performance through playing records and a theremin. The fourth member of our Advisory Board, Dr. Katve-Kaisa Kontturi then discussed an event she had co-convened, Feminist Colour-IN. Lecturer Kira O’Reilly performed her piece I came to the sea and I was scared, my heart was broken and Karolina Kucia did a lecture with a cockroach. Tuomas Laitinen played with sound and the claim he had an idea, and Henna-Riikka Halonen shared her work on labyrinths and avatars. Saara Hannula asked whether what we were up to was actually “something doing”, and Kimmo Modig asked if performance is changing something from transformative to transfigurative mode. The event was finished by the Principal Investigator of the research project, Annette Arlander, who presented a powerpoint on her video work and discussed repetition as an inherent quality of performance.

4th October Kick-off Seminar Program


How to do things with performance?

The four-year Academy of Finland funded research project “How to do things with performance?” will organise its kick off seminar at University of the Arts Helsinki Theatre Academy, in collaboration with the Performing Arts Research Centre Tutke and the Finnish Network for Performance Studies.

We invite to join us in exploring and listening to what can be done with performance.

For more information about the project, see

Time: October 4 2016, 10 am – 4 pm

Venue: Theatre Academy of the University of the Arts Helsinki Haapaniemenkatu 6 Auditorium 1 / Tori


Preliminary Program

10:00  Leena Rouhiainen, opening words

Annette Arlander, presentation of the program

10:15  Heike Roms:  How to do history with performance

10:45 Hanna Järvinen: Jeux 1913 and 2016

11:00 Simon O’Sullivan: Performance Fictions

11:15 Coffee

11:30 Ed Scheer How to do things with performance (really)

11:45 Esa Kirkkopelto: Body and Object in Performance

12:00 Pilvi Porkola: What is ‘esitys’?


12:30 – 13:30 Lunch

13:30 Tero Nauha: Abridged thought of performance

13:45 Katve-Kaisa Kontturi: Performance and Event: The Case of Feminist Colour-IN

14:00 Kira O’Reilly: I came to the sea and I was scared, my heart was broken

14:15 Karolina Kucia: Perform and Not

14:30 Tuomas Laitinen: I have an idea

14:45 Coffee

15:00 Henna-Riikka Halonen: In the Labyrinth between explanation and experience

15:15 Saara Hannula: “something doing”

15:30 Kimmo Modig: from transformative to transfigurative

15:45 Annette Arlander: How to perform landscape by repetition

16:00 Discussion


As an appendix,  please find a text, how-to-do-things-with-performance-art by Ed Scheer.

4 Lokakuuta Kick-off seminaarin ohjelma

Miten tehdä asioita esityksellä?

Nelivuotinen Suomen Akatemian rahoittama tutkimushanke “Miten tehdä asioita esityksellä?” järjestää aloitusseminaarin Taideyliopiston Teatterikorkeakoulussa, yhteistyössä Esittävien taiteiden Tutkimuskeskus Tutken ja Esitystutkimuksen verkoston kanssa.

Tervetuloa katsomaan ja kuuntelemaan, mitä esityksellä voi tehdä sekä keskustelemaan aiheesta.

Lisätietoja hankkeesta:

Ajankohta: 4.10. 2016, klo 10 – 16

Paikka: Taideyliopiston Teatterikorkeakoulu Haapaniemenkatu 6 Auditorio 1 / Tori

Alustava ohjelma

10:00 Leena Rouhiainen, avaus

Annette Arlander, ohjelman esittely

10:15 Heike Roms:  How to do history with performance

10:45 Hanna Järvinen: Jeux 1913 and 2016

11:00 Simon O’Sullivan: Performance Fictions

11:15 Kahvia ja keskustelua

11:30 Ed Scheer How to do things with performance (really)

11:45 Esa Kirkkopelto: Body and Object in Performance

12:00 Pilvi Porkola: What is ‘esitys’?


12:30 – 13:30 Lounas

13:30 Tero Nauha: Abridged thought of performance

13:45 Katve-Kaisa Kontturi: Performance and Event: The Case of Feminist Colour-IN

14:00 Kira O’Reilly: I came to the sea and I was scared, my heart was broken

14:15 Karolina Kucia: Perform and Not

14:30 Tuomas Laitinen: I have an idea

14:45 Kahvia ja keskustelua

15:00 Henna-Riikka Halonen: In the Labyrinth between explanation and experience

15:15 Saara Hannula: “something doing”

15:30 Kimmo Modig: from transformative to transfigurative

15:45 Annette Arlander: How to perform landscape by repetition

16:00  Vapaata keskustelua


Liitteenä Ed Scheerin teksti how-to-do-things-with-performance-art